By Rebecca Smith
On 17 February 1673, Molière, performing in The Imaginary Invalid, bellowed, “Your Molière’s an impertinent fellow … If I were a doctor, I’d have my revenge …when he fell ill, I’d let him die without helping him. I’d say: ‘Go on, drop dead!’”
In this fourth performance of the play, Molière was already very sick with tuberculosis. Collapsing on stage, he was carried off in his chair and taken home. Hemorrhaging badly, he asked for his wife and for a priest, and died within hours.
Do deaths come any more noteworthy, on-the-job, ironic than that?
One that qualifies is, surprisingly, that of Molière’s long-time musical collaborator, Jean-Baptiste Lully.
While rehearsing a performance of “Te Deum” for Louis XIV, Lully flamboyantly brandished his conductor’s cane and accidentally pierced his own foot. He refused surgery, the wound became infected and he died of gangrene on 3 March 1687.
Two real-life, stage-to-demise histories, oddly connected.
In Lully, we are talking about the inventor of the comedie-ballet, the musical genius of French opera, the Superintendent of Music for the King. By the time of his death, Lully, from his lowly birth in 1632 as an Italian and a miller’s son, had risen to enjoy great wealth in money, gold, gems and fame.
And widespread admiration and approval? That is debatable. Lully often left stunned those around him, being of a most unusual character. A 2000 film about him Le Roi Danse, by Gerard Cobiau, explores that.
There is mystery about Lully. Somehow, in his humble Italian environment, he met and convinced the Duc de Guise to take him to France to teach Italian to his nephew. Somehow, in his new home, he transitioned to from tutor to dancer and violinist. Then as a dancer at the Court, he made the acquaintance of another dancer, the future King Louis XIV.
He wrote ballets for his new associate’s paramour, Marie Mancini, and, as Louis ascended to the throne, he manipulatively matched his endeavors to Louis’s moods: romantic, clownish, or classically tragic. Once established and fully backed by royal power, Lully rapaciously bought up librettos, (many by Pierre Perrin which had been produced with Molière) thus reaping the royalties. With rights in hand, he became “the” composer of opera and contracted performers with exclusivity.
Starting in 1664, in his solid Court position, he joined with Molière and together they produced nine comedie-ballets, a new stage form incorporating song and dance into the presentations. He then introduced the “lyric tragedy”, the first being Cadmus et Hermione in 1673. He composed one per year till his death.
He was deplored by many (La Fontaine reportedly called him “The Scoundrel”) for his power grabbing, demanding personality and his sexual exploits at court, which may have included homosexual, termed “Italian mores”, activity. He was safely married to Madeleine Lambert, whose father was the composer Michel Lambert, with whom he had six children, but his attentions to the king’s favored Madame de Maintenon and later to a young page finally threatened his royal status.
In the period of the French Revolution, Lully’s connections to the monarchy rendered him unpopular but eventually composers Handel, Gluck, Campra, Rameau, Purcell and Vivaldi found their way back to him and included his stylings in their compositions. Even Bach credited him in the Ouverture in the French Style.
However inglorious his death, Lully’s name is forever enveloped in glory and esteem. He exemplifies the words of the 18th century English man of letters, Samuel Johnson, “The act of dying is not of importance, it lasts so short a time.”
By Chantal Roberts
When you think of coffee and France, you undoubtedly think about the sidewalk cafés. The café lifestyle in France is one to be envied. Its relaxed pace allows the French to solve the world’s problems with a cup of coffee, a pastry, and friends.
The term “coffee” comes from the Turkish word “kahve.” No doubt you’ve seen countless coffee memes on Facebook, but one of them happens to be true.
A man would pick his wife by the way she brewed coffee, but if he failed to bring her his daily allotment of the beverage, she could, by rights, divorce him.
As the Ottoman Empire spread, so, too, did coffee. The coffee houses of Europe began to become popular in the 17th century as it was a place for intellectuals and the working class to come together. Indeed, Lloyd’s of London was started at the Lloyd’s Coffee House in London in 1688.
In the 1900s, Parisian cafes were cultural Meccas for intellectuals and artists such as Jean Cocteau, Ernest Hemingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. But today in the United States, we get our coffee through a drive-thru on the way to work (or at least we did pre-COVID).
We should mimic our ancestors and slow down to enjoy the hot beverage. There is no shortage of places to go for the café lifestyle in the Kansas City metroplex area.
Kansans in Leavenworth can experience French pastry, West African cuisine, and coffee at Timbuktu (www.timbuktuus.com). But if West African flavors don’t tickle your fancy, you can always go to Tous les Jours in Overland Park, Kansas. They specialize in French-Asian baked goods.
What goes better with an after-dinner café but some chocolate? André’s Confiserie Suisse is a family-owned, Swiss-trained confectionary shop located in Kansas City, Missouri since 1955. Their original shop is in Kansas City, Missouri, but daughter, Brigitte Gravino, opened a store in Overland Park, Kansas.
The French are well-known dog lovers. They take their dogs to bars, shops, the metro, and in cafés. Dop Donuts, located in Overland Park, Kansas, is Kansas City’s first dog- and kid-friendly coffee and donut shop according to their website, https://dopdonuts.com/. So, imitate the French and slow down to discuss the state of the world while watching your pup.
One of the newcomers to Kansas City who has been getting a lot of press for her take on the café life is Jackie Nguyen, a former actress, and current owner of Café Cà Phe (https://www.cafecaphe.com/). Café Cà Phe gives a Vietnamese coffee experience with Vietnamese-grown beans, but they also partner with local Kansas City roaster, Messenger Coffee. Regardless, when the weather is nice, Nguyen takes her coffee truck on the road to different cities in the metroplex. Right now, she’s located in the Bottoms serving up coffee, or as the Vietnamese call it, cà phe, which sounds exactly like the French café.
While we may not be able to sit for hours at a coffee shop with our friends due to COVID restrictions, we can still imitate that lifestyle by having a long, leisurely sip of the warm beverage while trying to solve the world’s problems and eating a pastry.
Travel KS: shorturl.at/ftvFT
By Catherine Rush Thompson
French gardens are a feast for the senses. They can provide a visual array of beautiful colors, fresh herbs for culinary magic, and delightful fragrances to create world-famous perfumes or simple sachets. In his closing words of Candide, Voltaire wrote, "Il faut cultiver notre jardin” (“Let us cultivate our garden”). What better way to start Spring than to design and cultivate a beautiful French-inspired garden!
Many are familiar with the famous gardens at the Palace of Versailles, designed by André Le Nôtre, a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. Creation and renovation of the gardens started in 1661 and lasted for more than 40 years. His inspiring gardens represent the French formal garden style, or jardin à la française, featuring symmetry, geometrical designs, gravel paths, manicured hedges and topiary, and fountains with cascading water running into tranquil reflection pools. No doubt Moliere saw these gardens being created as he wrote Impromptu at Versailles (1663), a one-act prose play about the rehearsal of a play ordered by King Louis XIV.
Take a closer look at these magnificent gardens: en.chateauversailles.fr/discover/estate/gardens
Other familiar gardens include “Les Jardins de Monet à Giverny” that inspired Monet’s series of impressionistic art. While less formal, Monet’s gardens offer unique perspectives, symmetries and colors. Asked in 1905 what colors he used, Monet said: "The point is to know how to use the colors, the choice of which is, when all's said and done, a matter of habit. Anyway, I use flake white, cadmium yellow, vermilion, deep madder, cobalt blue, emerald green, and that's all."
The transcendent beauty of Claude Monet’s gardens is captured in his masterpiece, Water Lilies, also known as The Agapanthus Triptych. This painting is one of two triptychs by Monet that can be found in the United States. As you wait for this winter to end, you can fully immerse yourself in Monet’s Water Lillies at the Nelson Atkin’s Museum of Art’s special exhibition. To learn more about this exhibit see: nelson-atkins.org/news/water-lilies-moved/#:~:text=Feb.,12
In 2003, Overland Park Arboretum and Botanical Gardens dedicated their Monet Garden with cascading flowers, inviting visitors to walk across the bridge and view the upper and lower gardens along the path. This inspiring one-acre garden features hundreds of species of flowers, trees and shrubs, creating the same ambience of Monet’s garden in France. Learn more: https:/www.visitoverlandpark.com/things-to-do/attractions/arboretum-botanical-gardens/
As you reflect on the many options for adding French flair to your garden, consider several characteristics of French gardens that make them unique and appealing. Formal French gardens incorporate more symmetry, order, and alignment of garden elements. Informal French gardens rely on less structure to achieve their romantic atmosphere. Here are some elements to consider when planning your garden, whether it be on a grand scale or an intimate place to retreat:
As you imagine your garden, consider the following:
As for any design, sketch out the areas you plan to fill with your French garden. Allow space for perennials to fill in between larger plantings. Limit your plant selection to those that offer beauty and color throughout the summer and fall, considering colors that provide a pleasing palette. And, finally, imagine yourself sitting in your garden enjoying a nice glass of wine and reading a play by Molière.
Claude Monet’s Agapanthus Triptych.www.youtube.com/watch?v=x5nPXFv517w
Design Tips for The Ultimate French Garden In Kansas City.
Life on La Lune: A journey through life in Southwest France - Glorious French Gardens. https://vanessafrance.wordpress.com/2010/06/09/glorious-french-gardens/
Life on La Lune: A journey through life in Southwest France - Monet’s Garden at Giverny. https://vanessafrance.wordpress.com/2014/10/19/monets-garden-at-giverny/
The Monet Garden at the Overland Park Arboretum.
Palettes and Techniques of the Impressionist Claude Monet. https://www.liveabout.com/impressionist-masters-palettes-techniques-claude-monet-2578614
Robert Schwartz. “France in the Age of Les Misérables, Formal Gardens.”
Wikipedia. “French formal garden.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_formal_garden
Zanger, A. Acting as Counteracting in L'Impromptu de Versailles. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3208118?seq=1
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